Here are some first-century Greek texts that use the word kephalē (“head”). They show how the word was used in Paul’s day.
The Greek word for “head” rarely, if ever, meant “leader” in works originally written in Greek in Paul’s time. Here are four facts that support this claim.
The (late) esteemed New Testament scholar Leon Morris cautions us to not make hasty assumptions about the metaphorical meaning of “head” (kephalē) in the New Testament.
In this post, I show how the word kephalē (head) is used in 1 Clement, in the context of mutual submission, and I show how the author regarded women.