Apphia was a woman greeted by Paul in his letter to Philemon. What was her role or position at Colossae? Was she Philemon’s wife? Or was she another Phoebe?
In this short post, Matthew Malcolm shows that Paul has a keen interest in setting up hierarchies of human honour and then subverting them by subjecting all humans to God.
Is the Hebrew word teshuqah, traditionally translated as “desire” in Genesis 3:16, better translated as “single-minded concentration” or “devotion”?
Many Christians are dissatisfied with English translations that seem biased towards men when, in fact, the intended meaning of many passages is gender-inclusive. So, what is the best Bible translation?
In Luke 14:25-27 Jesus said that his disciples have to hate their father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters. A reader asks, “Was Jesus speaking to only men here?”
Tertullian, famous for once describing women as “the devil’s gateway”, wrote some wonderful things about equality and mutuality in marriage. He did not regard the household code in Ephesians as either comprehensive or prescriptive.
Is 1 Timothy 2:13 (“For Adam was formed first and then Eve”) a reason for the prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12? Does the created order disqualify women from teaching and leading men?
Taking 1 Timothy 2:12 at face value, with no understanding of the verse’s context and challenges, can lead to a flawed interpretation. This post looks at six factors that must be considered when interpreting 1 Timothy 2:12.
This essay looks at the distinctive appearance of Artemis of Ephesus, and at what her items of clothing symbolise. A short history of the goddess is also included to help explain her importance and power.
In part two I look at Bible verses which mention the ideas of “eternal” and “fire” in regards to the future judgement. Do these verses speak of eternal conscious torment for unrepentant sinners?
Paul never mentions hell in any of his letters. James mentions hell just once. Jesus, on the other hand, mentions hell several times. Is hell a real place? Is it a place of eternal torment?
This post is about two brave unnamed women mentioned in 2 Samuel 17 who each risked their lives to help King David’s, and God’s, cause.
Eve, Delilah, Bathsheba, Mary Magdalene, and the Samaritan woman have often been portrayed as immoral. What’s with that? This article looks at the Samaritan woman without negative prejudices.
Here are a couple of lines from the Acts of Peter about Candida, a Roman woman who instructed her husband in the faith sometime in the first century AD.
Churches which misunderstand Jesus’ teaching on divorce increase the suffering and scandal of divorced members. What is the context of Jesus’ teaching on divorce? Did Jesus teach that all second marriages, with a former spouse still living, are adulterous? I argue, from scripture, that he didn’t
Traditional translations of Malachi 2:16 are misleading. Here are some better translations that faithfully reflect the Hebrew grammar, and do not have God saying, “I hate divorce.”
Does the created order of man first, woman second, signify a timeless principle that only men can teach and have authority. Is the created order the reason for the prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12?
This is the second part of a two-part series which looks at the women in the church at Smyrna in the post-apostolic period. This article focuses on Gavia.
In Christian writings known as the Apostolic Fathers (late 1st and early 2nd centuries) we discover that women were active in ministry in the church at Smyrna. Part 1 looks at Alke (or Alce) of Smyrna.
In this terrific article, Michael Jensen (a Sydney Anglican minister) notes that there are different forms of feminism, and that feminism is not necessarily against Christian principles. He writes: “a Christian point of view has more in common with feminism than not.”
Jesus talked about theology with women, a life-giving, vital theology. He answered their theological questions which answered their deepest needs, and he equipped them to talk theology to others.