Exploring the biblical theology of Christian egalitarianism

A Collection of Articles on Paul and Women

Looming deadlines are making it difficult to find time to write new posts for my website.  So, instead of something new, here is a collection of some of my previously posted articles about Paul and Women.  I love Paul!

1 Timothy 2:12 in Context

1 Timothy 2:12 has been used by many people to argue that women cannot be church leaders.  This five-part series will take a close look at 1 Timothy 2:12 – what it does and doesn’t say. And it will provide some background to the culture of the Ephesus where Timothy was ministering. More articles on 1 Timothy 2:11-15 here.

Interpretations and Applications of 1 Corinthians 14:34-35

In this article, I present several summaries of a range of interpretations of 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 proposed by well-known Bible scholars. [3000 words plus endnotes. ]

Kephalē and “Male Headship” in Paul’s Letters

Here I’ve written down some of my findings on the use of “head” (kephalē) in Paul’s letters.  This article answers the question: Does Paul’s statement that the husband is the head of the wife in Ephesians 5:23 mean that the husband has primacy, leadership or authority over his wife? [1300 words, plus lots of endnotes for those who want to fact-check.] More articles on the meaning of “head” (kephalē), here.

Paul’s Qualifications for Church Leaders

Can only men be church leaders?  Some people think that the moral qualifications for church leaders, recorded in 1 Timothy 3:1-7 and Titus 1:6-9, were written about men and apply only to men.  They believe that the implication in these passages is that only men can be church leaders (overseers and elders.) Surprisingly for many, 1 Timothy 3:1-7 is actually completely free from any gender bias or preference in the Greek. Check out the endnotes! [1500 words] More articles on the qualifications in 1 Timothy 3, here.

“Equality” in Paul’s Letters 

Paul wanted equality for all Christians and he wrote about this in his letters.  In some verses, equality was implied. In other verses, the concept of equality was clearly stated. Equality was Paul’s goal (2 Cor. 8:14, NIV 2011).

Paul’s Instructions for “Modest Dress”

In discussions on the roles of women, one hot topic among Christians is the subject of modesty.  While I think it is important for women not to dress in a revealing or sexually provocative way, I do not believe that this was Paul’s meaning in his instructions in 1 Timothy 2:9.

Masculine and Feminine Leadership (1 Thessalonians 2)

There are Christians who believe that being a leader is a man’s role and that it is unfeminine for women to be leaders. Does the Bible teach that leadership is masculine? Interestingly, in 1 Thessalonians chapter 2, Paul describes his apostolic ministry in both maternal and paternal terms. [1000 words]

Working Women in the New Testament

What does the Bible say about women who work outside the home? Is it God’s ideal that women stay out of the workforce and stay at home? What is the position that Complementarians, such as John Piper, take on the subject of work and working women?  (This article looks at Priscilla, Lydia and Phoebe.)

I also have articles about several New Testament women who were ministry colleagues of Paul: Junia, Priscilla, LydiaPhoebe, Euodia and Syntyche, Nympha, etc.

Paul’s Personal Greetings to Women Ministers

How is it that Paul gained a reputation for being a misogynist? Paul did not have a low opinion of women.  Far from it!  Paul’s affection and respect for female Christian ministers and house church leaders is obvious in many of his letters. This article will take a look at the women Paul greeted in his New Testament letters, including the Romans 16 women, and show that Paul did not have a problem with women in ministry.

“Busy at Home”: How does Titus 2:4-5 apply today?

The only time the Bible mentions that women should be homemakers is in two instructions regarding young women. In this article, I look especially at Paul’s basic but important instructions to young wives in Titus 2:4-5 and see what principle we can take from these verses.

Related Articles

Newer articles on Paul and Women
A Collection of Articles on NT Women Church Leaders
A Collection of Articles on Male Priesthood and Women in Ministry
Articles on 1 Corinthians 11:2-16 here.
Articles on Ephesians 5 here.

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