Exploring the biblical theology of Christian egalitarianism


women elders in ancient church manuals didascalia women teachers

A Christian Lady Teacher in Egypt in the 300s AD

In this blog post, I look at a papyrus letter, written between Christians in the early 300s AD, which plainly mentions a woman teacher (kyrian tēn didaskalon).

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kenegdo Genesis 2 suitable helper submit submission

Submission in 1 Corinthians 15:28 and in Marriage

The Son’s submission to God the Father in 1 Corinthians 15:28 should not inform our understanding of submission in marriage. Here’s why. #ESS

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eshet chayil

Revisiting Eshet Chayil (“Woman of Valour”)

In this article, I look at the Hebrew word chayil, used in Proverbs 31:10 for an eshet chayil (“virtuous/ valiant woman”), and at the Greek word andreia (“courageous”), used to describe some Bible and early Christian women.

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New Testament women

Women and Men and Ministry in First-Century Churches (3)

This is the 3rd post taken from my chapter in “Co-workers and Co-leaders.” I look here at some of the men and women who were involved in difficult and dangerous ministries.

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Paul's coworkers, deacons, Phoebe, Priscilla, Euodia and Syntyche

Women and Men and Ministry in First-Century Churches (2)

This is the 2nd post taken from my chapter in “Co-workers and Co-leaders.” Paul’s letters show that he ministered alongside women. Women were among his coworkers and were deacons (diakonoi).

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Mary Lydia Female Disciples First Century Church

Women and Men and Ministry in First-Century Churches

This is the 1st of 3 blog posts taken from my chapter in the book “Co-workers and Co-leaders: Women and Men Partnering for God’s Work.” I look here at the women who followed Jesus and the women who hosted house churches.

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“Uncover-Cover” Words in 1 Corinthians 11:2–16

A short discussion on the adjective akatakalyptos and the verb katakalyptō (“cover”) used in 1 Corinthians 11:2–16.

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Berenice Phernophorus, king of the south, Daniel

The Daughter of the King of the South (Daniel 11:6)

In Daniel 11:6 it says that “the daughter of the king of the South will go to the king of the North to seal the agreement.” Who was this daughter? What do we know about her?

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3 Formidable Bible Women with Strange Stories

Rahab, Tamar, and Rizpah were in precarious social situations. They each took matters into their own hands, and the consequences of their daring, unorthodox actions were life-changing.

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1 Timothy 2:12 women pastors

Why 1 Timothy 2:12 shouldn’t be used to ban women ministers

1 Timothy 2:12 (“I do not permit a woman to teach …”) is the only Bible verse that places a restriction on a woman teaching. It shouldn’t be used to ban women ministers.

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head coverings 1 Corinthians

Philip Payne on Hairstyles vs. Head Coverings in Corinth

In his book, The Bible vs. Biblical Womanhood, Philip Payne outlines 3 reasons why Paul’s concern in 1 Cor. 11:2–16 was not head coverings for women, but hairstyles.

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female martyrs and the twelve apostles

Did Jesus aim to spare women from persecution?

Lately, I’ve been hearing some suggest the reason Jesus chose only men to be among the Twelve is because he knew the harsh persecution the Twelve would face. Is this reason valid?

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gender roles, gospels, Jesus, women, submission, Jesus em papéis de gênero

Jesus Called Her “Woman”

In this article, I look at every verse where Jesus directly addresses a woman as “woman.” These verses can sound cold and even rude in English. This article was first published in Mutuality magazine.

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The Holy Spirit as Mother in Early Syriac Texts

In early Syriac texts (2nd–4th centuries), the Holy Spirit and even God are described using feminine and maternal imagery. In this article, I quote from these texts.

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Junia well known to the apostles Romans 16:7 Priscilla

Paul’s Theology of Ministry: 1 Tim. 3:2 and Priscilla

What did Paul mean when he said “husband of one wife”? What was Priscilla’s role in Ephesus and Rome? What is Paul’s overall theology of ministry and women?

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Adam and Eve 1 Timothy 2

Paul’s Theology of Ministry: 1 Timothy 2:12

Here is more from a talk I gave on February 11. In part 2, I look at 1 Timothy 2:12 within its immediate context and within the context of First Timothy.

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Church leadership, mutuality in Christ

Paul’s Theology of Ministry: 1 Corinthians 14:34–35

This is part 1 of a talk I gave recently which looks at Paul’s overall theology on ministry and the verses often used to limit women.

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Acts 19:35 Artemis Ephesus

The thing that fell down from heaven (Acts 19:35)

What was the thing that fell down from heaven and was housed in the temple complex of the Ephesian Artemis? Was it a statue or a sacred stone?

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shekinah, God's gender, is god male, feminine

The Holy Spirit and Masculine Pronouns in John’s Gospel

Did the author of John’s Gospel break grammar rules and use masculine pronouns in John 14–16 to masculinise and personalise the Holy Spirit?

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helpmeet gender roles ezer

Being an ezer is not a gender role

I look at how the word ezer is used in the Hebrew Bible, including how it is used in people’s names in the Bible. And I show that being an ezer is not an especially feminine role or obligation.

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sancification, transformation, maturity, prefection, trannsforming, head coverings

“Covering” or “Testicle” in 1 Cor. 11:15? (Part 2)

In part 2, I look at the two texts Troy Martin uses to support his “testicle” idea, at ancient Jewish texts that mention the Watchers, and at what Paul meant by “nature teaches” (1 Cor. 11:14).

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